U-channel Magnet linear motor

Linear Motor

U-channel Magnet linear motor
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U-channel Magnet linear motor
U-channel Magnet linear motor
U-channel Magnet linear motor
U-channel Magnet linear motor

U-shape Linear Motor

A linear motor is an electric motor that has had its stator and rotor "unrolled" so that instead of producing a torque(rotation) it produces a linear force along its length. However, linear motors are not necessarily straight. Characteristically, a linear motor's active section has ends, whereas more conventional motors are arranged as a continuous loop.
Free-body diagram of a U-channel synchronous linear motor. U-channel linear motors have two parallel magnet tracks facing each other with the forcer between the plates. The forcer is supported in the magnet track by a bearing system. The forcers are ironless, which means that there is no attractive force and no disturbance forces generated between the forcer and magnet track. The ironless coil assembly has low mass, allowing for very high acceleration.

Typically, the coil winding is three-phase, with brushless commutation. Increased performance can be achieved by adding air-cooling to the motor, and there are even water-cooled versions available. This design is better suited to reduce magnetic flux leakage because the magnets face each other, housed in a U-shaped channel. The design also minimizes the risk of injury from the powerful magnetic attraction.

The design of the magnet tracks allows them to be combined to increase the length of travel, with the only limit to operating length being the length of the cable management system; encoder length available; and the ability to machine large, flat structures.

1. Materials

Magnet: Neodymium Magnet 
Hardware part: 20# steel, martensitic stainless steel 

2. Application

 "U-channel" and "flat" brushless linear servomotors have proven ideal for robots, actuators, tables/stages, fiberoptics/photonics alignment and positioning, assembly, machine tools, semiconductor equipment, electronic manufacturing, vision systems, and in many other industrial automation applications. 



Why choose Linear Motor?

1. Dynamic performance
Linear motion applications have a wide range of dynamic performance requirements. Depending on the specifics of a system’s duty cycle, the peak force and maximum speed will drive the selection of a motor:
An application with a light payload that requires very high speed and acceleration will typically utilize an ironless linear motor (that has a very light moving part containing no iron). As they have no attraction force, ironless motors are preferred with air bearings, when the speed stability has to be below 0.1%.
2. Wide force-speed range
Direct drive linear motion deliver high force over a wide range of speeds, from a stalled or low speed condition to high velocities. Linear motion can achieve very high velocities (up to 15 m/s) with a trade off in force for ironcore motors, as technology becomes limited by eddy current losses.
Linear motors achieve very smooth velocity regulation, with low ripple. The performance of a linear motor over its velocity range can be seen in the force-speed curve present in the correponding data sheet. 
3. Easy integration
Magnet linear motion are available in a wide range of sizes and can be easily adapted to most applications.
4. Reduced cost of ownership
Direct coupling of the payload to the motor’s moving part eliminates the need for mechanical transmission elements such as leadscrews, timing belts, rack and pinion, and worm gear drives. Unlike brushed motors, there is no contact between the moving parts in a direct drive system. Therefore there is no mechanical wear resulting in excellent reliability and long lifetime. Fewer mechanical parts minimize maintenance and reduce the system cost.
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